Wrinkles are fine lines or creases in the skin, primarily in the face, that usually result from a combination of factors.  These include:

  • sun and weather damage
  • smoking
  • natural aging

Wrinkles in the face can unfortunately cause a person to appear older than they truly are, or simply reveal their true age.

What causes fine lines and wrinkles?

When we’re young, our skin is more elastic and better at retaining moisture.  The elasticity of the middle layer of skin is attributed to the elastin and collagen located there.  These deteriorate as we age, however, and the dermis becomes thinner and unable to deliver moisture to the outer layer of skin.  Additionally, the innermost layer of skin loses some of its fat (which gives skin its plumpness) over time, causing sagging and wrinkles in the surface of the skin.


Sun damage is the main external cause of aging.  Sun damage can lead to skin cancer.  It is important to be checked once a year by a dermatologist for skin cancer, and in some cases more than once a year.  You should always check yourself for any odd-looking moles every 6 to 8 weeks, in some situations more often.

Even Einstein couldn’t prevent himself from getting old. The search for the fountain of youth remains. A healthy diet and exercise are great ways to both seem and feel younger than you really are.


  • DO moisturize daily
  • Drink plenty of water daily


  • Avoid sunexposure
    • and tanning booths
  • Do NOT smoke


There are many options in anti-wrinkle treatment, including non-surgical wrinkle removal procedures.

Treatment for deep wrinkles tend to be a little more complex than that of fine, thinner lines.  However, wrinkle injection treatments, as well as laser and radio wave based procedures, are making any type of wrinkle removal increasingly manageable.

Here are a few wrinkle treatment types:

  • Botox®
  • Chemical Peel
  • Collagen Injection
  • Microdermabrasion

Short of prevention, chemical peels are still the safest and most cost effective way of treating wrinkles.  We recommend a Glycolic/35 solution.  Glycolic acid’s ability to penetrate the skin’s surface and stimulate the underlying collagen make it ideal for smoothing wrinkles and fine lines on the skin’s surface.

Chemical Peels


For aging skin, and sun-damaged skin, the best strategy is to combine a Glycolic Acid product with a Copper Peptide product.  The best products for this situation would be a nightly Glycolic Acid product, such as the 15% Glycolic Cream (or Gel if you prefer the oil-free version), combined with the Copper Peptide product called Protect & Restore with Retinol.  Alternatively use the CP Serum if you prefer an Oil-Free version.  Simply mix a small amount of each together and apply nightly to the skin.

Glycolic acid is the smallest Alpha-Hydroxy Acid (AHA).  Because of it’s small size, it is able to penetrate deeper into the dermis.  Glycolic acid works mainly underneath the skin, whereas lactic acid, also an AHA, works more towards the surface of the skin.  Glycolic has received the most attention from the medical community, and is generally considered the best AHA to treat fine lines and wrinkles.

Generally, AHAs work by first removing the thickened outer layers of dead skin cells to reveal newer skin underneath.  This process occurs very fast and you should start to notice the results within a couple days.  This new skin underneath has improved tone and texture and helps to reduce the appearance of fine lines.  It does not completely remove large wrinkles, but helps to minimize their appearance.

The second way that glycolic acid works for the skin is by actually stimulating the skin’s cells to produce additional collagen.  In a double blind study, patients were tested applying glycolic acid treatments to their face.  After 8 weeks the collagen layer of patients having used glycolic acid treatments had thickened by 20% – 30%.

The Glycolic/50 gel is a level 3 peel which is stronger than Glycolic/35.  Both aid with fine lines and wrinkles.  Find out more here.


Lactic acid is an AHA with a slightly larger molecule.  Because of this, lactic acid is slightly less harsh on the skin.  It acts naturally as a humectant to pull moisture into the skin, and is part of mammalian skin physiology, which means it occurs naturally in the body. It is generally considered best for treating pigmentation and skin spots.

Will a chemical peel lift my sagging skin?

Skin peeling and all skin resurfacing techniques are employed to change the surface texture.  Chemical peels are not performed to correct sagging skin such as a turkey wattle neck.

Although chemical peeling will tighten skin, it will not, for example, remove bags under the eyes created by excessive skin.